The branch of medicine concerned with the uses, effects, mechanism, and modes of action of drugs. Pharmacology helps to understand drug action at the organ and organismal levels. The application of computational and experimental systems biology approaches to pharmacology allows us to expand the definition of pharmacology. It helps to include network analyses at multiple scales of biological organization and to explain both therapeutic and adverse effects of drugs. Pharmacology analyses rely on experimental "omics" technologies that are capable of measuring changes in large numbers of variables, often at a genome-wide level, to build networks for analyzing drug action.

  • Behavioral pharmacology
  • Cardiovascular pharmacology
  •  Endocrine pharmacology
  •  Pharmacokinetics
  •  Neuropharmacology
  •  Immune pharmacology